167. 1/16/1961

“[JAN 16, 1961] The Interdepartmental Working Group on Cuba meets to discuss a Defense Department memorandum entitled ‘Evaluation of Possible Military Courses of Action in Cuba.’ The memo outlines military actions to be used ‘in the event currently planned political and paramilitary operations are determined to be inadequate.’ Three possible courses of action are outlined: unilateral action by the U.S. armed forces under a contingency plan already approved by the JCS [Joint Chiefs of Staff]; invasion by an overtly U.S. trained and supported Volunteer Army; and invasion by a combination of possible courses of action a and b. The memo concludes that ‘courses of action a and c are the only courses of action which assure success.’…”

“The Bay of Pigs Invasion/Playa Giron: A Chronology of Events,” The National Security Archive, NSArchive2.gwu.edu


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