“At the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, the United States found itself in control of several overseas territories, including Cuba…In April of 1898, Senator Henry M. Teller, of Colorado, proposed an amendment to the United States’ declaration of war against Spain, which stated that the United States would not establish permanent control over Cuba. The Teller Amendment asserted that the United States ‘hereby disclaims any disposition of intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island except for pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of the island to its people.’ The Senate adopted the amendment on April 19 .” “Platt Amendment (1903),”.
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“1898; April 13: The U.S. Congress agreed to President [William] McKinley’s request for intervention in Cuba, but without recognizing the Cuban Government.” “Chronology of Cuba in the Spanish-American War,” Library of Congress,.
“1898; April 11. The President of the United States William McKinley requested authorization from the U.S. Congress to intervene in Cuba, to stop the war between Cuban revolutionaries and Spain.” “Chronology of Cuba in the Spanish-American War,” Library of Congress,.
“1898; March 17. Senator Redfield Proctor (Vermont) pushed Congress and the U.S. business community toward war with Spain. He had traveled at his own expense in February 1898 to Cuba to investigate the effects of the reconcentration policy and returned to report on his findings before the Senate.” “Chronology of Cuba in the Spanish-American War,” Library of Congress,.
“President [William] McKinley sent the second class battleship USS Maine from Key West to Havana…At 9:40 on the evening of 15 February , a terrible explosion on board Maine shattered the stillness in Havana Harbor. Later investigations revealed that more than five tons of powder charges for the vessel’s six and ten-inch guns ignited, virtually obliterating the forward third of the ship. The remaining wreckage rapidly settled to the bottom of the harbor. Most of Maine’s crew were sleeping or resting in the enlisted quarters in the forward part of the ship when the explosion occurred. Two hundred and sixty-six men lost their lives as a result of the disaster: 260 died in the explosion or shortly thereafter, and six more died later from injuries. The U.S. Navy Department immediately formed a board of inquiry to determine the reason for Maine’s destruction…In the end, they concluded that a mine had detonated under the ship…When the Navy’s verdict was announced, the American public reacted with predictable outrage…the public had already placed guilt on the Spanish government. Although he continued to press for a diplomatic settlement to the Cuban problem, President McKinley accelerated military preparations…” “The Destruction of USS Maine,” Department of the Navy-Naval History and Heritage Command,.
“William McKinley (March 4, 1897-September 14, 1901). Republican. In his elections McKinley fought fiercely for upholding the gold standard and high tariffs. His leadership brought victory for the U.S. in 90 days in the Spanish America War. He is also highly regarded for forging a Republican coalition that dominated U.S. politics until the 1930s.” “U.S. Presidents,”.
“Toward the end of his presidency, [President Grover] Cleveland relented a bit on his neutral stance, perhaps because his successor William McKinley would have to manage whatever ensued. On December 1896, Cleveland commented that the United States might have to respond if Spain was unable to settle the Cuba issue. Hannis Taylor, U.S. envoy to Madrid, actually proposed that Spain grant Cuba autonomy to [Spanish] President [Antonio] Cánovas, but received no response. Ironically, less than a year later Cánovas was dead and by the following year Spain granted a limited autonomy to Cuba.” [The 15th of the month used for date sorting purposes only.] “Grover Cleveland: 1837-1908,” Library of Congress,.
“1896; December 7. U.S President Grover Cleveland declared that the U.S might take action in Cuba if Spain failed to resolve the crisis there.” “Chronology of Cuba in the Spanish-American War,” Library of Congress,.
“On April 7, 1896, Secretary of State Richard Olney spoke out and offered to present itself as a possible mediator in the conflict. After discussions with the Spanish ambassador Enrique Dupuy de Lome, the mediation plan included continued Spanish rule over Cuba, with some self-government for the island. The Spanish government, however, had to contend with anti-American demonstrations in reaction to the hostile resolutions emanating from the U.S. Congress. Consequently, it was in no rush to accept any offers of mediation coming from Washington. Finally, after two months of silence, the Spanish rejected the proposed reforms.” “Grover Cleveland: 1837-1908,” Library of Congress,.
“1896; March 2. The U.S. House of Representatives passed decisively its own version of the Morgan-Cameron Resolution which called for the recognition of Cuban belligerency.” “Chronology of Cuba in the Spanish-American War,” Library of Congress,.