“Ulysses S. Grant (March 4, 1869-March 4, 1877). Republican. The eighteenth president of the U.S. was an army general during the American Civil War…As President, Grant supported civil rights for freed slaves and contributed to the revival of the Republican party in the South…However, despite all this, his administration tolerated corruption and bribery. He was very unpopular when he left office.” “U.S. Presidents,”.
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“The first large-scale war for Cuban independence began on October 10, 1868 with a historic speech known as the Grito de Yara (Cry of Yara) by landowner and slave-owner Carlos Manuel de Céspedes. From his farm, La Demajagua, Céspedes freed his slaves and declared war on the Spanish crown.” Jerry A. Sierra, “The Ten-Year War (1868-78).”.
“1868: 10 October. Carlos M. Cespedes issued the Grito de Yara and initiated the Ten Years’ War in Cuba (1868-1878), the independence movement that served as the forerunner of the 1895 Insurrection and the Spanish American War.” “Chronology of Cuba in the Spanish-American War,” Library of Congress,.
“Andrew Johnson (April 15, 1865-March 4, 1869). Democratic. Andrew Johnson became president when President [Abraham] Lincoln was assassinated. As president in charge of the Reconstruction, Johnson drafted conciliatory policies towards the South in a hurry to reincorporate former states of the Confederacy.” “U.S. Presidents,”.